|In situ availability:|
|series:||Alkaline earth metals|
|melting point:|| 923K,|
|boiling point:|| 1363K,|
|Li ← Be → N/A|
|Na ← Mg → Al|
|K ← Ca → Sc|
|Atomic radius (pm):||150|
|Bohr radius (pm):||145|
|Covalent radius (pm):||130|
|Van der Waals radius (pm):||173|
|ionic radius (pm):||(+2) 72|
|1st ion potential (eV):||7.65|
| 1s2 |
|Electrons Per Shell|
|2, 8, 2|
|Electron Affinity:||Unstable anion|
Magnesium is a Alkaline earth metal in group 2.
It has a Hexagonal crystalline structure.
This element has 3 stable isotopes: 24, 25, and 26.
"Magnesium compounds, primarily magnesium oxide, are used mainly as refractory material in furnace linings for producing iron and steel, nonferrous metals, glass, and cement. Magnesium oxide and other compounds also are used in agricultural, chemical, and construction industries. Magnesium metal's principal use is as an alloying addition to aluminum, and these aluminum-magnesium alloys are used mainly for beverage cans. Magnesium alloys also are used as structural components of automobiles and machinery. Magnesium also is used to remove sulfur from iron and steel." - USGS Magnesium Statistics and Information
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